Terminology – P

Passion

You may have heard the term “the passion of the Christ” and been confused by it. The Latin word passio means “suffering”. This means the crucifixion of Jesus and the events leading up to it.

The crucifixion of Christ is recorded in all four gospels of the New Testament: Matthew 27:33-44; Mark 15:22-32; Luke 23:33-43; John 19:17-30.

Passover

Passover, which is Pesach in Hebrew, is a widely observed Jewish holiday. Passover is a celebration of the Exodus of the Jewish people from Egypt after generations of slavery. The eight-day festival of Passover is celebrated in the early spring, from the 15th through the 22nd of the Hebrew month of Nissan (which is the first month of the Jewish calendar). It commemorates the emancipation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt.

This story is told in Exodus, Chapters 1-15. Many of the Pesach observances are instituted in Chapters 12-15.

Pentateuch

This describes the first five books of the Jewish and Christian Scriptures. In the Bible they are: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. These were instantly accepted and regarded by the people of Israel, as the inspired words of God handed down to them via Moses.

Pope

The word Pope is derived from the latin papa which means “father” (papal is an item or topic which relates to the pope).  The Pope is the bishop of Rome, and the head of the Roman Catholic Church.

Prophecy

A Prophecy is a message from God, often but not necessarily containing future or unknowable events. It is also the literary record thereof.  The word is derived from the Greek word “to speak for” or “to speak forth”. The related word Prophet is the one who speaks Prophecies and is the name given to an accepted spokesperson of God.